This brief history of the woman suffrage movement shows how various suffragists believed the right to vote for women was a human right that all American citizens should possess, while other suffragists viewed their struggle as one for respect and protection from abusive men. These differences are particularly salient in the fraught role of black woman suffragists, who, while dedicated to the cause, were frequently unwelcome in the white-dominated state and national movements.
Joan Marie Johnson, “NOT AS A FAVOR, NOT AS A PRIVILEGE, BUT AS A RIGHT”: WOMAN SUFFRAGISTS, RACE, RIGHTS, AND THE NINETEENTH AMENDMENT, 42 W. New Eng. L. Rev. 385 (2020), https://digitalcommons.law.wne.edu/lawreview/vol42/iss3/4