Scholarly literature does not provide an adequate understanding of money in politics and corporate political power, which is, ultimately, the role of concentrated capital in democracy. The United States’ rising economic and political inequalities are not properly diagnosed as the excesses of a generally legitimate capitalist democracy in need of legal reforms. Rather, these inequalities are the symptoms of an overarching flaw in our political system that requires a revolution—one of the non-violent, constitutional kind.

Action follows understanding and if the understanding of a problem is weak and superficial, the reform agenda will also be weak and superficial. Supreme Court cases involving money in politics shift power to a new economic royalty. Rather than an embellishment or exaggeration, these cases are essential starting points for putting today’s plutocracy into its proper historical context of despotism, tyranny, and oppression.

Highlighting the thoughts of key historical figures, this Article explores how revolutionary understandings can bring modern day problems of economic and political inequality into sharper focus; and reveals the essential thrust of an enduring solution a constitutional amendment to separate business and state.