This Article discusses social justice feminism as it applies to gender discrimination in collegiate and scholastic athletics in the context of Title IX requirements. Title IX activists today are primarily concerned with securing equal resources and opportunities for women in a college athletic environment. Today, that environment is becoming increasingly commercialized; this presents a Title IX problem because it creates an incentive to invest more athletic department resources into certain men’s athletic programs instead of distributing them equitably to women’s (and other men’s) programs. In addition, the NCAA is presently considering or has recently undertaken deregulation initiatives in a variety of areas, further increasing the incentives for college athletic departments to devote more resource to favored men’s sports.
The Article looks to social justice feminism as a lens through which to imagine Title IX advocates’ response to the system's trend toward growing commercialization and deregulation. This position takes into account race-based and other forms of subordination created by that system in addition to gender discrimination. To make its case, the Article explores the history of athletics as a tool of white patriarchy and the “inter-relationships between interlocking oppressions” inherent in the commercialized model of college athletics. Ultimately, the Article argues that college athletics reform should be understood not only as a Title IX issue, but as a social justice issue as well.
Erin E. Buzuvis, Title IX Feminism, Social Justice, and NCAA Reform, 5 FREEDOM CENTER J. 101 (2014).